The Largest Volcano Eruptions - John Seach

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The size of volcanic eruptions is determined by the amount of lava emitted. The largest eruption over the past 2 centuries was Tambora in Indonesia in 1815.

Large volcanic eruptions are more frequent than asteroid impacts of similar magnitude.

Table 1. Large eruptions in past 10,000 years.

Volcano
Country
Year
Cubic km erupted
1815
100
186 AD
100
6640 BC
70-80
3450 yr ago
50
6850 ago
30-40
6300 ago
30-40
1452
32-39
3600 ago
30-33
50 AD
19-25
Krakatau Indonesia 1883 18
1912
12
1991
10

 

Table 2. Large ancient eruptions.

Volcano
Country
Years ago
Cubic km erupted
Fish Canyon
28 million
5000
Toba  Indonesia 72,000 2800
1.3 million
1000
26 000
800
760,000
600
       

 

Table 3. Large recent eruptions.

Volcano
Country
Years ago
Cubic km erupted
1983-present
2
1980
1

 

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