Big Island, Hawaii
19.425 N, 155.292 W,
summit elevation 1222 m
Kilauea is one of the world's most active volcanoes. The volcano has been in constant eruption since 1983. A large collapse occurred at Kilauea volcano in November 2005. Lava flows destroyed three houses in Royal Gardens subdivision in February 2008.
Surface Lava flows, Kilauea Volcano - John Seach
Kilauea summit crater glow, June 2009
Skylight, Kilauea volcano, east rift zone
Lava flow closeup, Kilauea volcano, Hawaii
Kilauea lava flow
Lava flow Kilauea volcano, Hawaii
Kilauea lava ocean entry
Kilauea volcano lava flow
January 2013 Update
January 3, 2013 marks the 30th anniversary of the beginning of the current eruption at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii. This is a remarkable eruption, and has been the longest eruption on the east rift zone in recorded history. The eruption has been continuous for so long that we have come to take it for granted. However the eruption will come to an end sometime. Currently the volcano is erupting at the summit and east rift zone. Lava continues to enter the ocean at several locations.
October 2012 Update
Two lava lake are present at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii. The east pit lava lake in Pu'u O'o crater occasionally flows across the floor of the south pit. The summit lava lake in Halemaumau crater occasionally overflows the inner ledge. The surface of the lava lake varies from 60m to 150 m deep inside the pit. On the east rift zone an active lava flow is located at the base of the pali in the abandoned Royal Gardens subdivision. The lava contines to advance towards the ocean. Sulphur dioxide emission was high at 1200 tonnes per day on 28th September 2012.
2011 Fissure Eruption
A new fissure eruption has begun at Kilauea volcano in Hawaii on 5th March 2011. The floor of Pu'u O'o crater collapsed over a period of 10 minutes. The event was preceded by a rapid deflation of Pu'u O'o and increased tremor along Kilauea's middle east rift zone near Makaopuhi and Napau craters. There was also deflation at the summit. New fissure opened between Pu'u O'o and Napau crater. The fissure ejected lava spatter 20 m high.
2009 Bench Collapse
A bench collapse occurred at Waikupanaha ocean entry, Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, on the afternoon of 17th February 2009 (local time). Four explosions were recorded between 12:45 and 1:15 pm. The lava delta and nearby areas remain dangerous and should not be approached. Bench collapse can occur without warning, and result in explosions and ejection of hot lava, and local waves.
2008 Summit Eruption
An explosive eruption occurred on 19th March 2008, at Halema`uma`u Crater at the summit of Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii. This was the first explosive eruption in the summit crater since 1924. The explosion occurred at the location of the new gas vent which formed the week before. The eruption was probably phreatic, and created a crater 30 m in diameter. Debris was thrown as far as Crater Rim Drive near Halema`uma`u parking area 350 m away. Crater Rim Drive has been closed recently due to high level of gas emission in the area. The explosion occurred 3 miles from the town of Volcano with a population of 2200.
Kilauea Volcano Safety
Hiking at Kilauea volcano is a demanding activity, and is best pursued by those
who are physically fit, experienced in hiking, have suitable clothes, enough water, and be informed about the risks.
Deflation-inflation events at Kilauea volcano in Hawaii are caused by changes in a secondary magma chamber east of Halemaumau Crater at about 750 m below ground level. This secondary magma chamber produces episodic deformation events.
1983-2013, 1982, 1980, 1979, 1977, 1975, 1969-74, 1967-68, 1965, 1963, 1962, 1961, 1960, 1959, 1954, 1952, 1934, 1931-1932, 1930, 1929, 1927, 1906-24, 1905-06, 1903-04, 1902-03, 1897, 1896, 1823-94, 1820, 1790, 1750.
Earlier eruptions are not accurately dated.