Jebel Zubair Volcano | John Seach


Zubair Islands, Yemen

15.05 N, 42.18 E
summit elevation 191 m
Shield volcano

Jebel Zubair Volcano is located in the Red Sea, Yemen. Eruptions have formed the islands of Zubair, Centre Peak, Saba, and Haycock. 

Eruptions occurred at Saddle Island in the 19th century. Thee islands form the summit of a submarine rise. The volcanic cone is barren and rises 191 m above sea level.

2011 Eruption
An eruption occurred at Zubair volcano on 19th December 2011. Fishermen from Salif port city in the west of Yemen reported seeing an eruption with red lava rising to a height of 30 m. This was the first eruption the fisherman can recall from the area. Satellite images showed raised sulphur dioxide emissions close to the volcano on the following day.

Further reading
Jónsson, S. and Xu, W., 2015. Volcanic eruptions in the southern Red Sea during 2007–2013. In The Red Sea (pp. 175-186). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Xu, W., Ruch, J. and Jónsson, S., 2015. Birth of two volcanic islands in the southern Red Sea. Nature Communications6(1), pp.1-7.

Gass, I.G., Mallick, D.I. and Cox, K.G., 1973. Volcanic islands of the Red Sea. Journal of the Geological Society129(3), pp.275-309.

Jebel Zubair Volcano Eruptions

2011, 1846?, 1824