Wurlali Volcano | John Seach


Damar Island, Banda Sea, Indonesia
(Also called Damar, Daam, Dammer)

7.12 S, 128.67 E
summit elevation 868 m

Wurlali Volcano is located on Damar Island, Indonesia, 375 km NE of Dili, East Timor. Wurlali is a 315 sq km island with a 5 km diameter caldera. Two craters are located at the active northern end of the caldera.

Hot springs occur southwest of the volcano near the beach. Fumaroles are present on the south flank and vents near the summit. Large amounts of sulphur are deposited near the vents. Small ponds of sulphur are boiling in some vents.

2013 Earthquake
A magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit 20 km northwest of Wurlali volcano on 1st December 2013. Focus was at depth of 10 km.

2009 Earthquake
A magnitude 6.1 earthquake hit Wurali volcano on Friday 23rd January 2009 at 5:16 am, local time. The earthquake epicentre was located 7 km south of Damar Island, and the focus was at 141 km depth.

1993 Earthquake and Landslides
In 1993 there were landslides and steam emissions reported after tectonic earthquakes. About 4000 people evacuated from the area.

Further reading
Wheller, G. E., et al. "Geochemistry of Quaternary volcanism in the Sunda-Banda arc, Indonesia, and three-component genesis of island-arc basaltic magmas." Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 32.1-3 (1987): 137-160

Wurlali Volcano Eruptions

Eruption of Wurali Volcano in 1892