Popa Volcano | John Seach


Burma (Myanmar)

20.87 N,  95.23 E
summit elevation 1518 m

Mt. Popa volcano is situated at the northern end of the
Pegu Yoma hill range in central Burma. Mt. Popa volcano formed in late Pleistocene and local legends describe an eruption in 442 BC.

Eruption products of Mt. Popa volcano cover an area of 153 sq km. The cone rises 1150 m above the surrounding terrain, with slopes of 25-30 deg. A central explosion crater is 1.6 km wide and 850 m deep and is breached on the north. A debris flow extends from the breached crater northwards covering 27 sq km with 3 cubic km of material.

Scoriaceous material around the main crater rim and in small cinder cones indicate Strombolian activity which may have dominated in the later stages of Popa volcano’s development.

Further reading
Stephenson, D. and Marshall, T.R., 1984. The petrology and mineralogy of Mt. Popa Volcano and the nature of the late-Cenozoic Burma Volcanic Arc. Journal of the Geological Society141(4), pp.747-762.

Stephenson, D., Marshall, T.R. and Amos, B.J., 1983. The Geology of Mt Popa Volcano and Associated Post-Palaeogene Volcanics, Central Burma. Institute of Geological Sciences.

Popa Volcano Eruptions

442 BC