Nabro Volcano | John Seach



13.37 N, 41.70 E
summit elevation 2218 m

Nabro volcano is located in Located at the SE end of the Danakil Alps, Eritrea. The volcano is the highest volcano in the Danakil depression. The volcano consists of lava domes, lava flows, and two calderas, 8 and 5 km in diameter. Nabro volcano is the highest in the Afar region.

2012 Activity
On 7th January 2012 ash emissions were observed to a height of 10,000 ft NE of Nabro volcano from an Air France aircraft.

2011 Eruption
An eruption began at Nabro volcano on 12th June 2011. This was the first historical eruption at the volcano. The eruption was accompanied by an earthquake swarm beginning with a magnitude 5.1. The largest earthquakes had a magnitude 5.7 on 12th and 13th June 2011. The eruption produced a 45,000 ft high eruption plume, and disrupted air traffic in the horn of Africa. Satellite images showed the plume drifting more than 1,000 km NW, over parts of Sudan. A 15 km long lava flow was identified on satellite hotspot images. Aerosols from the eruption stayed in the stratosphere for months.

Further reading
Goitom, Berhe, et al. "First recorded eruption of Nabro volcano, Eritrea, 2011." Bulletin of Volcanology 77.10 (2015): 1-21.

Donovan, Amy, et al. "The 2011 eruption of Nabro volcano, Eritrea: perspectives on magmatic processes from melt inclusions." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 173.1 (2018): 1-23.

Hamlyn, Joanna E., et al. "Seismicity and subsidence following the 2011 Nabro eruption, Eritrea: Insights into the plumbing system of an off‐rift volcano." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 119.11 (2014): 8267-8282.

Nabro Volcano Eruptions

2012, 2011