Harrat Lunayyir Volcano | John Seach


Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia

25.17 N, 37.75 E
summit elevation 1370 m
Volcanic field

Harrat Lunayyir volcano is located in NW Saudi Arabia, east of the Red Sea port of Umm Lajj. The volcano contains cones and lava flows which have reached the Red Sea.

2009 Eruption
An eruption of Harrat Lunayyir volcano in 2009 was accompanied by a seismic crisis. This was the first eruption at the volcano in 1000 years. In May 2009 a series of earthquakes occurred near Harrat Lunayyir volcano. The largest earthquake occurred on 19th May 2009 and measured magnitude 5.7. The earthquakes produced cracks in the ground. A total of 2,289 people, including 326 families, were evacuated from a 20 km radius around the volcano, 240 km north of Madinah. Evacuees were housed in Yanbu. The evacuations took place as 30 earthquakes were recorded between 3 and 5.4 on the Richter scale.

Magnitude 4.6
Tuesday, May 19, 2009 at 11:35 PM
25.159°N, 37.739°E

Magnitude 4.6
Tuesday, May 19, 2009 at 10:57 PM
25.264°N, 37.739°E

Magnitude 5.7
Tuesday, May 19, 2009 at 08:35 PM
25.356°N, 37.765°E

Magnitude 4.9
Tuesday, May 19, 2009 at 07:54 PM
25.311°N, 37.676°E

Further reading
Koulakov, Ivan, et al. "Structural cause of a missed eruption in the Harrat Lunayyir basaltic field (Saudi Arabia) in 2009." Geology 43.5 (2015): 395-398.

Duncan, R.A. and Al-Amri, A.M., 2013. Timing and composition of volcanic activity at Harrat Lunayyir, western Saudi Arabia. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research260, pp.103-116.

Harrat Lunayyir Volcano Eruptions

2009, 1000 AD