Larderello Volcano | John Seach



43.25 N, 10.87 E
summit elevation 500 m
explosion craters

Larderello is located in southern Tuscany, Italy. There area produces geothermal power. It was one of the first places in the world where geothermal energy was used for industry.

Larderello geothermal field is part of a region of Quaternary hydrothermal/magmatic activity which extends from Toscana to Latium and Campania. Larderello field is located near the Tyrrhenian margin of central Italy, 60 km to the south of the city of Pisa.

Larderello geothermal field is considered to have been produced by a granite intrusion at 4-9 km depth about 4000 years ago.

Geothermal manifestations of the Larderello region have been well known
since Roman times. Remains of a Roman thermal bath are located near Monterotondo. Geothermal products (sulfur, alum, boric acid, vitriol, coloured clays.) were used in the Middle Ages for pharmaceutical and pottery.

Further reading
Magro, G., Ruggieri, G., Gianelli, G., Bellani, S. and Scandiffio, G., 2003. Helium isotopes in paleofluids and present‐day fluids of the Larderello geothermal field: Constraints on the heat source. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth108(B1), pp.ECV-3.

Cameli, G.M., Dini, I. and Liotta, D., 1993. Upper crustal structure of the Larderello geothermal field as a feature of post-collisional extensional tectonics (southern Tuscany, Italy). Tectonophysics224(4), pp.413-423.

Larderello Volcano Eruptions