Lanzarote Volcano | John Seach


Canary Islands, Spain

29.03 N, 13.63 W
summit elevation 670 m
fissure vents

Lanzarote Volcano is located in NE Canary Islands. The volcano contains cinder cones and lava flows. Lava flows from Montañas del Fuego cover about 200 sq km, and extend to the western coast along a 20 km wide front. The volcano is located in Timanfaya National Park.

1730-36 Eruption
An eruption occurred a Lanzarote volcano between 1st September 1730 and 16th April 1736. The 2056 day duration eruption covered 200 sq km, and erupted a volume of 3-5 cubic km of lava. During the 6 year eruption, more than 30 volcanic cones were formed in at least 5 eruptive phases, aligned along a volcano-tectonic fracture more than 14 km long. The eruption destroyed fertile land and 26 villages. the resulting famine eventually forced the majority of the population to leave the island.

Further reading
Acosta, J., et al. "Geologic evolution of the Canarian Islands of Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria and La Gomera and comparison of landslides at these islands with those at Tenerife, La Palma and El Hierro." Geophysics of the Canary Islands (2005): 1-40.

Marinoni, Laura B., and Giorgio Pasquarè. "Tectonic evolution of the emergent part of a volcanic ocean island: Lanzarote, Canary Islands." Tectonophysics 239.1-4 (1994): 111-137.

Carracedo, J.C., Badiola, E.R. and Soler, V., 1992. The 1730–1736 eruption of Lanzarote, Canary Islands: a long, high-magnitude basaltic fissure eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research53(1-4), pp.239-250.

Lanzarote Volcano Eruptions

1824, 1730-36