Mt Kilimanjaro Volcano | John Seach



3.07 S, 37.35 E
summit elevation 5895 m
Complex volcano

Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest volcano outside South America. Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest mountain. It is located in northern Tanzania and rises 5km above the plains, and a base 60 km wide.

The mountain contains three volcanic cones - Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira. It is located on the eastern side of the African Rift Valley. Magma is located 400 m below the summit crater.

The Ash Pit lies in the north-westerly part of Kibo, and is of recent origin. It is circular with sharp, well-preserved edges and steep walls. The pit diameter is about 400 m and 150 m deep. It is almost ringed round by a circular and higher bank 150 m away, which in its turn is completely ringed by yet another bank, considerably higher.

Further reading
Nonnotte, Philippe, et al. "Petrology and geochemistry of alkaline lava series, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: new constraints on petrogenetic processes." Volcanism and Evolution of the African Lithosphere: Geological Society of America Special Paper 478 (2011): 127-158.

Wilkinson, P., et al. "Volcanic chronology of the Men–Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania." Journal of the Geological Society 143.4 (1986): 601-605.

Downie, C., et al. "Geology of Kilimanjaro." Nature 178.4538 (1956): 828-830.

Mt Kilimanjaro Volcano Eruptions

Fumaroles are located in Kibo crater at the summit. There are no recorded historical eruptions. The volcano is considered dormant, not yet extinct, and eruptions may occur in the future.