Golan Heights Volcano | John Seach



33.10 N, 35.97 E
summit elevation 1204 m
Volcanic field

Golan Heights volcano is located in SW Syria, near the border with Israel.

The Golan Heights is a Plio-Pleistocene basaltic plateau, which is part of the Harrat ash Shaam, the largest volcanic field of the western Arabian Peninsula. The plateau is inclined to the west and southwest, with steep slopes toward the Dead-Sea rift Valley at its western rim.

About fifty cinder cones are located in NE of Golan volcanic field, mostly arranged in two rows. Mt. Avital and Birket Ram contain Phreatomagmatic deposits.

Mt. Avital Complex
Mt. Avital is located west of the town of Quneitra. It is at the center of the western row of cinder cones. Phreatomagmatic deposits of Mt. Avital cover an area of about 13 sq km, mostly in the Quneitra Valley, and have an average thickness of 5–10 m. The structure of Mt. Avital (northern Golan) shows a transition from dry (strombolian and effusive) to wet (phreatomagmatic) activity.

Tel Avital is a cinder cone in the south. Its summit is 1204 m above sea level, and 190 m above the surrounding land.

Avital Valley is a central depression of a tuff ring, measuring 1 km x 0.7 km. It is surrounded by tuff rims to the east and west. The depression floor lies at an elevation of 950–960 m above sea level. It is 20–30 m above the Quneitra Valley to the east. It is covered with soil, except for two small hills of scoria in the north.

Tel Bental is a cinder cone in the north.

North of Tel Bental there is a double-summit cinder cone.

Further reading
Behar, Nicole, et al. "Paleomagnetism and paleosecular variations from the Plio‐Pleistocene Golan Heights volcanic plateau, Israel." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 20.9 (2019): 4319-4335.

Mor, D. "A time-table for the Levant Volcanic Province, according to K-Ar dating in the Golan Heights, Israel." Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East) 16.3 (1993): 223-234.

Golan Heights Volcano Eruptions

The volcano has possibly erupted in the past 10,000 years.