Eyjafjallajokull Volcano | John Seach



63.63 N, 19.62 W
summit elevation 1666 m

World's first summit eruption video of Eyjafjallajokull volcano taken by John Seach...

Eyjafjallajokull volcano is a stratovolcano located in southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap. It erupted in 2010, causing widespread disruption to air travel in Europe due to the large amount of ash and volcanic material released into the atmosphere. The eruption began on April 14th, 2010 with a fissure eruption on the northeastern flank of the volcano and later a central vent eruption on the ice-covered summit crater. The eruption was explosive and strombolian in character, with ash plumes reaching up to 9-20 km altitude, which led to the closure of airspace in many European countries. The eruption caused glacial meltwater floods in the area and also meltwater floods in the Markarfljot river. The eruption ended on 23 May 2010.

The Eyjafjallajokull eruption was one of the most significant volcanic events in Iceland in recent history and had a significant impact on air travel in Europe  The sea level has retreated some 5 km , leaving behind sheer cliffs with and many waterfalls such as Skógafoss.

Eyjafjallajokull volcano contains a 2.5 km wide caldera. Eyjafjallajokull has been much less active than neighboring volcanoes. Since 1600's there have only been three eruptions at Eyjafjallajokull, while nearby Katla had 20 eruptions.

Eyjafjallajokull eruption, April 2010

Eyjafjallajokull eruption, April 2010

Eyjafjallajokull volcano
Eyjafjallajokull volcano April 2010

Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption, April 2010

More photos of Eyjafjallajokull volcano
Eyjafjallajokull eruptions

World's First Expedition to the summit eruption of Eyjafjallajokull, April 2010
The first summit expedition to Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Iceland during the 2010 eruption was made by John Seach. While on the summit John observed two active vents inside the main crater. The southern vent was showing almost continuous Strombolian activity, and the northern vent showed phreatomagmatic eruptions. Intensified activity occurred under the Gigjokull Glacier on 1st May.

Further reading
Gudmundsson, Magnús T., et al. "Eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland." Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 91.21 (2010): 190-191.

Sigmundsson, F., Hreinsdóttir, S., Hooper, A., Arnadóttir, T., Pedersen, R., Roberts, M.J., Óskarsson, N., Auriac, A., Decriem, J., Einarsson, P. and Geirsson, H., 2010. Intrusion triggering of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull explosive eruption. Nature468(7322), pp.426-430.

Gertisser, R., 2010. Eyjafjallajökull volcano causes widespread disruption to European air traffic. Geology Today26(3), pp.94-95.

Stohl, A., Prata, A.J., Eckhardt, S., Clarisse, L., Durant, A., Henne, S., Kristiansen, N.I., Minikin, A., Schumann, U., Seibert, P. and Stebel, K., 2011. Determination of time-and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics11, pp.4333-4351.

Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Eruptions

2010, 1821-23, 1612