Mt Ararat Volcano | John Seach


(Agri Dagi)
Igdir, Turkey

39.70 N, 44.28 E
summit elevation 5165 m

Mt Ararat is the highest mountain in Turkey. The mountain dominates the skyline from Yerevan, the capital of Armenia. Ararat is thought to be the resting place of Noah's Arc after the great flood.

Ararat is in the territory of Turkey, at the junction of the state borders of Armenia, Turkey, and Iran. The volcano contains two conical summits: the Greater Ararat (5165 m) and the Lesser Ararat (3925 m).

1840 Earthquake and Eruption.
On 2nd July 1840 there was a magnitude 7.4 earthquake at Mt Ararat. Many villages in the area around Ararat volcano and the towns of Dogubayazet, Maku, and Ordoubad were destroyed, and up to 10 000 people were killed. A 72 km long fracture extended from Ararat's summit. The earthquake was accompanied by an explosive Bandai-type phreatic eruption from the northern slope close to the Ararat
summit. The eruption ejected of projectiles, an eruption cloud, and pyroclastic flows reached Akory village. A debris flow was also reported during the eruption.

Further reading
Azzoni, Roberto Sergio, et al. "Geomorphological effects of the 1840 Ahora Gorge catastrophe on Mount Ararat (Eastern Turkey)." Geomorphology 332 (2019): 10-21.

Azzoni, Roberto Sergio, et al. "Geomorphology of Mount Ararat/Ağri Daği (Ağri Daği Milli Parki, Eastern Anatolia, Turkey)." Journal of Maps 13.2 (2017): 182-190.

Mt Ararat Volcano Eruptions

1840, 1783?, 1450?, 300?, 550 BC?, 2450 BC